Resources & Research

The IPS (International Primate Society) urges biomedical research to end their use of wild-caught primates and encourages alternative research strategies that do not harm wild populations.

Below, you find the IUCN Assessments for the long-tailed macaque and its subspecies.
Long-tailed Macaque
Dark-crowned Long-tailed Macaque
Burmese Long-tailed Macaque
Con Song Long-tailed Macaque
Common Long-tailed Macaque
Karimunjawa Long-tailed Macaque
Lasia Long-tailed Macaque
Maratua Long-tailed Macaque
Nicobar Long tailed Macaque

Hansen, M. et al. (2020). Comparative home range size and habitat selection in provisioned and non-provisioned long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Baluran National Park, East Java, Indonesia. Contributions to Zoology. 89(4) pp. 393-411.

Hansen, M. (2019). Ecology and conservation of long-tailed macaques in a human-macaque interface. PhD thesis. University of Copenhagen.

Luncz, L., Gill, M., Proffitt, T., Svensson, M., Kulik, L. & Malaivijitnond, S. (2019). Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques. eLife.e46961.

Eudey, A. (2008). The Crab-Eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis): Widespread and Rapidly

Gumert, M. D., Fuentes, A. and Jones-Engel, L. (eds.). (2011). Monkeys on the Edge: Ecology and Management of Long-Tailed Macaques and their Interface with Humans. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Hasan, M.K. & Feeroz, M.M.(2010). Distribution and status of Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis aurea I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1830) in Bangladesh. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2(12).

Fooden, J. (2006). Comparative review of fascicularis-group species of macaques (Primates: Macaca). Fieldiana Zoology, 2006(107), 1-43. Chicago

Hansen, M. F., Gill, M., Nawangsari, V. A., Sanchez, K. L., Cheyne, S. M., Nijman, V.,et al. (2021). Conservation of Long-tailed Macaques: Implications of the Updated IUCN Status and the CoVID-19 Pandemic. Prim. Conserv. 35, 1–11.

Nijman, V., Spaan, D., Margono, E., Wirdateti & Nekaris, K. A. I. (2017). Changes in the Primate Trade in Indonesian Wildlife Markets Over a 25-Year Period: Fewer Apes and Langurs, More Macaques, and Slow Lorises. American Journal of Primatology. 79(11)

Campbell, S., Timoshyna, A., Sant, G., Biggs, D., Braczkowski, A., Caceres-Escobar, H., Indraswari, K., Compton, J., and Cheung, H. ( 2022). Options For Managing And Tracing Wild Animal Trade Chains To Reduce Zoonotic Disease Risk. TRAFFIC, Cambridge UK.

Broad (2020). Wildlife Trade, COVID-19 and Zoonotic Disease Risks: Shaping the Response. TRAFFIC briefing document.

Hansen, M. F., Gill, M., Briefer, E. F., Nielsen, D. R. K. and Nijman, V. (2022). Monetary Value of Live Trade in a Commonly Traded Primate, the Long-Tailed Macaque, Based on Global Trade Statistics. Front. Conserv. Sci. 3:839131.

Fuentes, A. (2010). Natural Cultural Encounters in Bali: Monkeys, Temples, Tourists, and Ethnoprimatology. Cultural Anthropology. 25(4)

Knauf, S. and Jones-Engel, L. (2020). Neglected Diseases in Monkeys: From the Monkey-Human Interface to One Health. Springer Nature, Switzerland. 386pp.

Peterson, J.V. & Riley, E.P. (2013). Monyet Yang Dihargai, Monyet Yang Dibenci: The Human-Macaque Interface in Indonesia.